U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)

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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division

State Coalition for Remediation of Drycleaners Site Profiles

John's Cleaners, Clarksville, Tennessee

Historical activity that resulted in contamination.

Remediation Status: In groundwater monitoring

Contaminants present and the highest amount detected in both soil and groundwater.

Contaminant Media Concentration (ppb) Nondetect
Tetrachloroethene (PCE) groundwater
Tetrachloroethene (PCE) soil
Trichloroethene (TCE) groundwater

Site Hydrology

Deepest Significant Groundwater Contamination:  
Plume Size:  
Average Depth to Groundwater:   ft

Lithology and Subsurface Geology

  reddish-brown clayey silt
Depth: 0-8ft bgs
8ft thick
  silty clay with minor weathered chert with slight gray mottling, continuing to stiff red-brown clayey silt to silty clay with abundant rounded chert pebbles and cobbles
Depth: 8-20ft bgs
12ft thick
  very silty fine sand
Depth: 20-30ft bgs
10ft thick
  stiff red/ yellow/ brown mottled clay with chert pebbles possibly oolitic limestone, weathered to 36.5 ft with 1" thick zone of black silt. Increasing depth shows clay (moist, red, yellow, brown very sandy/silty clay to clayey silts)
Depth: 30-60ft bgs
30ft thick
  Dark red moist sandy clayey silt to silty clay with chert fragments
Depth: 60-65ft bgs
5ft thick
  yellow-brown, saturated silt and chert fragments
Depth: 75-80ft bgs
5ft thick

Pathways and DNAPL Presence

checkPresumptive Evidence of DNAPL

Remediation Scenario

Cleanup Goals:
  To achieve drinking water standards with an interim goal of plume contraction.
Remedy Level:
  Full Scale Remedy


In Situ Chemical Oxidation

Why the technology was selected:
The remedial approach employed MnO4 in Na and K forms and was applied in colloidal suspension. The suspension of KMnO4 was in 20% NaMnO4 solution, which allowed for lower volumes of material required to meet the oxidant demand as well as longer-lived MnO4 species via suspended colloidal KMnO4.

Date implemented:
The injection program was implemented between August 15th and August 16th 2007.

Other technologies used:
using permanganate

Results to date:
In MW-1 a baseline PCE concentration of 5.2 ppb in 2007 rose to 10.4 ppb in 2009. A permangate injection event occured in 8/07. In MW-4 a pre-injection concentration of PCE (3.17 ppb) rose to 5.04 ppb in 2009. In MW-5 a pre-injection concentration of 120 ppb PCE was measured in 8/07, in 2009 that concentration was measured to be 95.4 ppb.

Cost to Design and Implement:
8/07 injection event -$48,162.00


Cost for Assessment:
Cost for Operation and Maintenance:
Total Costs for Cleanup:


Tennessee Drycleaner Environmental Response Program
L&C Annex 4th floor
401 Church St.
Nashville TN 37243

Site Specific References

1.Statement of Work 7/07
2.Analytical Report 4/09


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