U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)

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U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division

State Coalition for Remediation of Drycleaners Site Profiles

Mariners' Village Cleaners, Orlando, Florida

Historical activity that resulted in contamination.

Mariners' Village Cleaners (Mariners) is located in a strip shopping center in a commercial/residential setting. According to the operator, Mariners operated as a retail laundry and drycleaners from August 1, 1987 to February 1998. Currently the facility is used as a drop-off only facility. There are no other businesses, other than Mariners, that are likely sources of the drycleaning solvent contamination found at this site.

Contaminants present and the highest amount detected in both soil and groundwater.

Contaminant Media Concentration (ppb) Nondetect
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene groundwater 22.2 ppb
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene soil 318 ppb
Tetrachloroethene (PCE) groundwater 5 ppb
Tetrachloroethene (PCE) soil 814 ppb
Trichloroethene (TCE) soil 135 ppb
toluene groundwater 0.4 ppb
Vinyl Chloride groundwater 0.5 ppb

Site Hydrology

Deepest Significant Groundwater Contamination:   35ft bgs
Plume Size:   Plume Length: 80ft
Plume Width: 60ft
Average Depth to Groundwater:   7.5ft

Lithology and Subsurface Geology

  Fine-grained sand
Depth: 0-20ft bgs
20ft thick
Conductivity: 2.81ft/day
Gradient: 0.03ft/ft
  fine-grained silty sand. The sequence increases in clay content with depth becoming mostly olive green clay
Depth: 20-55ft bgs
35ft thick
Depth: 55-56ft bgs
1ft thick

Pathways and DNAPL Presence

DNAPL Present

Remediation Scenario

Cleanup Goals:
  Groundwater Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) PCE= 3.0 µg/L
Soil Cleanup Target Levels (SCTL) PCE=0.03 µg/kg, TCE=0.03µg/kg


In Situ Monitored Natural Attenuation

Why the technology was selected:
Natural attenuation with monitoring was recommended due to the limited extent and relatively low levels of groundwater contamination.

Date implemented:
Natural Attenuation Monitoring- August 2000

Final remediation design:
Natural attenuation monitoring was conducted at this site for approximately 2 years.

Results to date:
Groundwater at this site had met the requirements for no further action within two years of monitoring. This requirement was met after two consecutive quarters of monitoring, which had concentrations below the regulatory MCLs. Both soil and groundwater had met the requirements for no further action. A Site Rehabilitation Completion Order was issued for this site on October 25, 2002.

Ex Situ Soil Removal

Why the technology was selected:
The soil excavation was conducted in order to remove the limited extent of soils exceeding the SCTLs.

Date implemented:
Soil Excavation - March 2002

Final remediation design:
Soils were excavated from beneath the building slab, within the area of the former drycleaning machine. The lateral extent of soils exceeding SCTLs was delineated prior to conducting the excavation. The section of floor slab removed was 6 ft x 8 ft and approximately 10 cubic yards of the underlying soil was removed to a depth of 8 ft bgs. The soils were removed using a vacuum truck

Results to date:
Upon completion of the soil excavation a confirmatory soil sample was collected at the bottom of the excavation. This sample had a leachate concentration of 1.3 µg/L PCE, which is below the MCL. Both soil and groundwater had met the requirements for no further action. A Site Rehabilitation Completion Order was issued for this site on October 25, 2002.

Cost to Design and Implement:
$29,000 (confirmatory soil sampling, excavation and disposal)


Cost for Assessment:
Cost for Operation and Maintenance:
  $25,000 (2 years of natural attenuation monitoring)
Total Costs for Cleanup:

Lessons Learned

1. Soil excavation utilizing a vacuum truck was effective in removing soils from beneath the building slab with minimal disturbance to the facility.
2. Soil remediation activities required approximately 3 days.
3. The remedial effort was cost effective in that no O&M costs were incurred for soils.
4. Costs for groundwater monitoring were reduced by sampling for volatile organic compounds only.


Aaron Cohen
Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection
Bureau of Waste Cleanup, MS 4500
2600 Blair Stone Road
Tallahassee, Florida 32399

Site Specific References

1. Harding Lawson Associates Site Assessment Report -February 1999
2. Harding ESE, Inc. Limited Source Removal Completion Report- March 15, 2002


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