U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division

Fractured Bedrock Project Profiles

Last Updated: August 21, 2002

Point of Contact:
Dan Bryant
Geo-Cleanse International, Inc.
4 Mark Road, Suite C
Kenilworth NJ 07033 
Tel: 908-206-1250 
Fax: 908-206-1251
Email: dbryant@

Letterkenny Army Depot, Oil Burn Pit
Chambersburg, PA


Martinsburg Shale - dark gray to black -carbonaceous and fissile - interbedded with thin layers of siltstone and sandstone. Water table in bedrock approximately 30' bgs.

Targeted Environmental Media:
  • - Dense Non-aqueous Phase Liquids (DNAPLs)
  • - Fractured Bedrock


Major Contaminants and Maximum Concentrations:
  • - 1,1-Dichloroethane (89,000 µg/L)
  • - 1,1,1-Trichloroethane (1,000,000 µg/L)
  • - Tetrachloroethene (20 µg/L)
  • - Trichloroethene (20,000 µg/L)

Site Characterization Technologies:

  • - Borehole Geophysics
    • Natural Gamma
    • Caliper
    • Acoustic Televiewer
    • Other
  • - Fluid Loggings
    • Temperature
    • Conductivity/Resistivity
  • - Vertical Chemical Profiling
    • Packer Isolation
  • - Other

acoustic velocity, variable density, vertical hydraulic gradient, horizontal gradient.

Remedial Technologies:

  • - Chemical Oxidation (In Situ)
    • Fenton's Reagent
This was a pilot scale test. Geophysical logs and packer tests in boreholes were used to determine injector locations and contaminant characteristics of water bearing fractures.
Remediation Goals:

To determine the level of contaminant distruction in bedrock.


During the fourth post injection sampling round (1 year after the pilot study) the reductions in total VOCs ranged from 27% to 86%. Additional injectors were installed to locate the upgradient and downgradient edges of the free phase product

Lessons Learned:

Destruction of the contaminants was qualified by chloride measurements. Vigorous reaction caused the release of oxidation fluids, sediments, etc., to the ground surface in pools. Some post-injection sampling indicated increases in VOC concentrations. This could be due to turbulence from the reaction which mobilized more organics than could be destroyed by the radicals andor because the reaction increased the temperatures which may have increased the solubility of the organic contaminants.

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