U.S. EPA Contaminated Site Cleanup Information (CLU-IN)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. EPA Technology Innovation and Field Services Division

For more information on Optimization, please contact:

Kirby Biggs
Technology Integration and Information Branch

PH: 202-823-3081 | Email:


Key Optimization Components:  Green Remediation

Key Optimization Components Key Optimization Components Remedy Components The EPA’s definition of Green Remediation is:

“The practice of considering all environmental effects of remedy implementation and incorporating options to minimize the environmental footprint of cleanup activities.”

It considers five core elements:

  • Energy - reducing total energy use and increasing the percentage of energy from renewable resources
  • Air - reducing air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions
  • Core elements of green remediation
  • Water and water resources - reducing water use and negative impacts on water resources
  • Materials and waste management - improving materials management and waste reduction efforts
  • Land and ecosystems - protecting ecosystem services during site cleanup

Green Remediation qualitative and quantitative evaluations is now a standard component of optimization technical support. To find more information about Green Remediation principles, practices and methods, please visit EPA�s website and the CLU-IN website listed in the resources below.

Selected Resources

Click on a column heading to sort the table. Search for additional publications or resources by keyword or topic using the Search page.

  Title Document Number Type Date
PDF Remediation Optimization: Definition, Scope and Approach EPA 542-R-13-008 General Publication 2013
Web CLU-IN Website - Green Remediation Focus N/A Online Resources 2014
Web Superfund Website - Superfund & Green Remediation N/A Online Resources 2014

Top of Page